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Bed Bugs and Insurance Policies

Everyone has likely heard the phrase “Sleep tight. Don’t let the bedbugs bite.” For many of us, it was just a phrase used by an older generation and we've had no experience with the creepy critters. However, bed bugs are making a comeback, primarily because people are traveling abroad more extensively. If you find yourself waking up with bites and spy these pests in your bed—what do you do? Do you immediately contact an exterminator or your landlord? Do insurance policies even cover damages or medical expenses caused by bed bugs? What does a business or homeowner have for coverage options? Read this guide for more information!

Is a Bed Bug Infestation Covered Under Renters or Landlord Insurance?

The words “bed bugs” are the last thing a hotel manager or landlord wants to hear from a guest or tenant. Bed bugs are some of the most difficult pests to control and eradicate from an infested home. 

Bed bugs are almost always excluded from Renters Insurance and Landlord Insurance. Why? These policies are meant to protect the homeowner, renter, or landlord from sudden or accidental damage. Bed bug infestations don’t happen suddenly—it takes months for an infestation to take place.

Bed Bugs are often listed under policy exclusions on renters or landlord insurance. This is partially because they are preventable. A landlord or homeowner should routinely inspect for pests and put the proper control procedures in place. Bed bugs are almost always listed as an exclusion in both all-risk or named peril policies.

Any damage caused by the bed bugs, the cost of extermination and removal, replacement of personal items, and even alternate accommodations will NOT be covered under these insurance policies.

Is Your Landlord Responsible for Your Bed Bug Infestation?

In some states, landlords may be responsible to deal with exterminating bed bugs. When might they be liable? 

  • If they are negligent in their upkeep of the home, vacation rental, or hotel
  • They were aware of an infestation before a tenant moved in and didn’t handle it
  • They’ve allowed the infestation to become so severe that you suffer severe losses to property or have to move out

In Florida and New York, a landlord is automatically responsible for bed bug extermination. If a landlord or hotel is obviously responsible for the bed bugs but refuses to pay for the extermination costs, you may have to resort to legal recourse to cover the cost of damages and medical expenses. 

If a landlord is required to deal with the extermination, the process typically looks like this: 

  1. The landlord must visually inspect to find the bed bug infestation. Conversely, they can contact a bed bug exterminator to confirm whether or not bed bugs are present. 
  2. If confirmed, the landlord must work with a tenant to clear out or decontaminate personal items (i.e. bedding and mattress may need to be replaced).
  3. They must then hire a professional exterminator to eliminate the infestation.

How to Get Rid of Bed Bugs

You will need to hire a professional exterminator to eliminate the bed bug infestation. However, there are a few things that a tenant or landlord must do to facilitate the process:

  • Bed bugs and larvae cannot survive in extreme temperatures, so wash any bedding or clothing in hot water, then seal in plastic bags. If you cannot wash and dry particular items, seal them in plastic bags to stall infestation until the eggs/larvae/bed bugs die.
  • Vacuum furniture, carpet, and rugs and immediately seal and dispose of what you’ve vacuumed up.
  • If your furniture (such as sofas and mattresses) cannot be treated chemically by exterminators, they may need to be disposed of or replaced.
  • Trash excess magazines, newspapers, cardboard boxes, and any other unnecessary clutter.

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) provides further information and recommendations for the elimination of bed bugs from your home. 

How do You Prevent an Infestation?

You can prevent bed bugs by following some of the same procedures: eliminate unnecessary clutter, remove papers/magazines, etc. When you travel, be sure to check your hotel or vacation rental bed for eggs, larvae, and bed bugs. If you're returning from extensive local or global travel, make sure you wash your inspect your clothing thoroughly and wash in hot water.

How Much Does it Cost to Get rid of an infestation?

The cost to exterminate bed bugs depends on how infested your home is. Exterminating an infestation in one room may cost $300. Eliminating the pests in a large home could cost up to $5,000. The average price falls anywhere between $300 to $2,500. If you do a Google search pest control in your area you can often get a free inspection or quote.

Does Bed Bug Insurance Exist?

In 2011 there was a highly publicized bed bug outbreak on the East Coast. Because of this, many small insurers—such as Aon and Jetty—began offering bed bug Insurance coverage. Jetty will cover up to $300 of the cost to exterminate bed bugs in their renters insurance policy. Check out their websites for more information.

However, since this epidemic died down and the insurance has become less necessary, very few insurance companies offer the coverage. If they do, it’s typically an endorsement you can add to a landlord or renters insurance policy—but it may be expensive. 

Get a FREE Bed Bug Insurance Quote

If you’re a landlord or rent out vacation homes and believe you need to obtain bed bug insurance or would simply like more information, complete the form above. One of our insurance agents will do their best to help you find affordable bed bug insurance.

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